Collective action is any form of organized social or political action that is carried out by a group of people. It is the commonality of vision and mission that binds the actions of the group. The notion of collective action has been an enduring subject of interest. It is studied by people working in and around the field of international law. It is also a subject of interest in diverse disciplines such as economics, social psychology, and sociology. The utility of collective action is often evident from the gains made by civil movements, labor unions, and identity politicking. However, the choice to adopt collective action as a method or organization is not without its attendant challenges.