The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) was established under the Judiciary Act of 1789. The court is constitutionally enshrined through Article III, Section I. It states that the Court is the uppermost federal court of law in the US which holds the judicial authority of the United States. It serves as an independent branch of the government. It is also the court of last resort for individuals or corporations that are not satisfied with the ruling made by the subordinate courts.