Social Facts: Emile Durkheim was a social theorist who used scientific principles to define the concept of social facts. According to Durkeim, social facts are a category of facts that possess their own unique characteristics. They are different from other sciences such as biology and psychology, and comprise the actions, values, thoughts, cultures, feelings and social structures that exist outside the individual and have their own social control.
Society, therefore, is greater than the individuals who constitute it. Durkheim asserted that sociology should aim to be scientific; it should not only study individuals, but should also focus on other variables that exist above the level of the individual.