The need hierarchy theory is a widely recognized theory of motivation. According to Maslow’s logic that runs down his theories, human beings possess a complex set of outstanding needs that follow a distinct hierarchical pattern. He holds that people need constant motivation and under the right circumstances, they are able to attain the highest level of need, that is self-actualization. The development of his theory rests on assumptions, which this paper examines alongside the hierarchy of need.
The first assumption is that a human being is constantly under motivation. A need that is already satisfied is no longer motivating. According to Carducci (2009), people strive on a daily to meet particular needs, and once they are satisfied, other fresh needs emerge. This means that people are motivated by needs without which no man will find no cause to strive for anything.
The second assumption is that motivation is a complex concept where surface behavior usually indicates hidden needs and wants. For example, someone might desire to have a phone to talk to a loved one. Love is a hidden desire. The third one is that needs vary in significance such that some needs are regarded as important when compared to others. This means that not all needs are afforded the same time or the same amount of resource.