Johnson v. Transportation Agency is a landmark case that was filed by Paul Johnson in 1987. At the time he was employed by Santa Clara Transportation. He brought the case because his female colleague Diane Joyce, who according to Johnson was less qualified, was promoted instead of him because she was female. In 1978, the County implemented an affirmative action plan which emphasized on equal gender representation in promotion decisions. In December 1979, the Agency advertised for the role of a road dispatcher which Johnson and Joyce felt they were competent enough for and submitted their applications. In the first interview, Johnson scored two points higher than Joyce. He performed equally well in the second interview and was recommended for the position by the interview panel.